Ferramentas para capturar e converter a Web

Capturar tabelas HTML de sites com PerlAPI Perl

Use os seguintes exemplos de como converter tabelas HTML into JSON, CSV e planilhas do Excel usando API Perl do GrabzIt. No entanto, antes de começar, lembre-se de que depois de ligar para o URLToTable, HTMLToTable or FileToTable métodos os Save or SaveTo O método deve ser recuperar a captura da tabela. Se você quiser ver rapidamente se este serviço é adequado para você, tente uma demonstração ao vivo da captura de tabelas HTML de um URL.

Op√ß√Ķes B√°sicas

O exemplo de código encontrado abaixo converte automaticamente a primeira tabela HTML descoberta em uma página da web especificada into um documento CSV.

$grabzIt->URLToTable("https://www.tesla.com");
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method
$grabzIt->HTMLToTable("<html><body><table><tr><th>Name</th><th>Age</th></tr>
    <tr><td>Tom</td><td>23</td></tr><tr><td>Nicola</td><td>26</td></tr>
    </table></body></html>");
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method
$grabzIt->FileToTable("tables.html");
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method

Por padrão, isso converterá a primeira tabela que identifica intuma mesa. No entanto, a segunda tabela em uma página da web pode ser convertida passando um 2 para o tableNumberToInclude método.

$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->tableNumberToInclude(2);

$grabzIt->URLToTable("https://www.tesla.com", $options);
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method
$grabzIt->SaveTo("result.csv");
$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->tableNumberToInclude(2);

$grabzIt->HTMLToTable("<html><body><table><tr><th>Name</th><th>Age</th></tr>
    <tr><td>Tom</td><td>23</td></tr><tr><td>Nicola</td><td>26</td></tr>
    </table></body></html>", $options);
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method
$grabzIt->SaveTo("result.csv");
$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->tableNumberToInclude(2);

$grabzIt->FileToTable("tables.html", $options);
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method
$grabzIt->SaveTo("result.csv");

Você também pode especificar o targetElement O método que garantirá que apenas as tabelas dentro do ID do elemento especificado serão convertidas.

$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->targetElement("stocks_table");

$grabzIt->URLToTable("https://www.tesla.com", $options);
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method
$grabzIt->SaveTo("result.csv");
$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->targetElement("stocks_table");

$grabzIt->HTMLToTable("<html><body><table id='stocks_table'><tr><th>Name</th><th>Age</th></tr>
    <tr><td>Tom</td><td>23</td></tr><tr><td>Nicola</td><td>26</td></tr>
    </table></body></html>", $options);
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method
$grabzIt->SaveTo("result.csv");
$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->targetElement("stocks_table");

$grabzIt->FileToTable("tables.html", $options);
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method
$grabzIt->SaveTo("result.csv");

Como alternativa, você pode capturar todas as tabelas em uma página da Web passando true para o includeAllTables método, no entanto, isso funcionará apenas com o formato XLSX. Essa opção colocará cada tabela em uma nova planilha na pasta de trabalho da planilha gerada.

$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->format('xlsx');
$options->includeAllTables(1);

$grabzIt->URLToTable("https://www.tesla.com", $options);
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method
$grabzIt->SaveTo("result.xlsx");
$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->format('xlsx');
$options->includeAllTables(1);

$grabzIt->HTMLToTable("<html><body><table><tr><th>Name</th><th>Age</th></tr>
    <tr><td>Tom</td><td>23</td></tr><tr><td>Nicola</td><td>26</td></tr>
    </table></body></html>", $options);
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method
$grabzIt->SaveTo("result.xlsx");
$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->format('xlsx');
$options->includeAllTables(1);

$grabzIt->FileToTable("tables.html", $options);
# Then call the Save or SaveTo method
$grabzIt->SaveTo("result.xlsx");

Converter tabelas HTML em JSON

Com Perl e GrabzIt, voc√™ pode converter tabelas HTML encontradas into JSON. Para come√ßar, especifique o json no par√Ęmetro format. No exemplo, estamos fazendo uma chamada s√≠ncrona usando o SaveTo m√©todo, que est√° retornando o JSON string, isso poderia ser analisado por uma biblioteca como JSON :: Parse.

$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->format("json");
$options->tableNumberToInclude(1);

$grabzIt->URLToTable("https://www.tesla.com", $options);

$json = $grabzIt->SaveTo();
$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->format("json");
$options->tableNumberToInclude(1);

$grabzIt->HTMLToTable("<html><body><table><tr><th>Name</th><th>Age</th></tr>
    <tr><td>Tom</td><td>23</td></tr><tr><td>Nicola</td><td>26</td></tr>
    </table></body></html>", $options);

$json = $grabzIt->SaveTo();
$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->format("json");
$options->tableNumberToInclude(1);

$grabzIt->FileToTable("tables.html", $options);

$json = $grabzIt->SaveTo();

Identificador Personalizado

Você pode passar um identificador personalizado para o mesa Como mostrado abaixo, esse valor é retornado ao seu manipulador GrabzIt Perl. Por exemplo, esse identificador personalizado pode ser um identificador de banco de dados, permitindo que uma captura de tela seja associada a um registro específico do banco de dados.

$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->customId("123456");

$grabzIt->URLToTable("https://www.tesla.com", $options);
# Then call the Save method
$grabzIt->Save("http://www.example.com/handler.pl");
$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->customId("123456");

$grabzIt->HTMLToTable("<html><body><h1>Hello World!</h1></body></html>", $options);
# Then call the Save method
$grabzIt->Save("http://www.example.com/handler.pl");
$grabzIt = GrabzItClient->new("Sign in to view your Application Key", "Sign in to view your Application Secret");

$options = GrabzItTableOptions->new();
$options->customId("123456");

$grabzIt->FileToTable("example.html", $options);
# Then call the Save method
$grabzIt->Save("http://www.example.com/handler.pl");